Archivos para 12/11/15

Jueza dicta Auto de Formal Procesamiento contra estudiante de la UNAH desestimando testigo por ser del MAU

Jueza decretó este 10 de noviembre Auto de Formal Procesamiento contra Josué Armando Velásquez, estudiante de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, UNAH, acusado desde julio pasado por usurpación contra ese centro de estudios. La juzgadora valoró como ciertas las declaraciones del jefe de seguridad de la universidad y de una testigo de la rectora, pero dejó sin valor y estigmatizó la declaración de un estudiante por pertenecer al Movimiento Amplio Universitario, MAU.

El 28 de julio de este año decenas de estudiantes continuaron con las protestas en apoyo a sus pares de la carrera de Odontología del Valle de Sula, en el Norte de Honduras, a quienes se les canceló su período académico por protestas por falta de espacios y estructura adecuada para sus prácticas odontológicas, debido a que lo hacen en condiciones de insalubridad.

Después de esa protesta y seguido de declaraciones de la rectora Julieta Castellanos que señaló pérdidas millonarias y retención por la fuerza de empleados de la UNAH, aunque esto  nunca existió, solicitó requerimiento fiscal al Ministerio Público, lo cual sucedió de forma inmediata, lo cual no ha ocurrido con denuncias contra la rectora por Abuso de Autoridad, desde principios de este año y que permanecen engavetas en los escritorios de los fiscales.

Vélasquez que estudia matemáticas, tuvo que esperar varios meses para que se le diera continuación a la audiencia de declaración de imputado  y su caso  se suma a la lista de los otros tres, Cesario Padilla; Moisés Cáceres y Sergio Ulloa, criminalizados por la misma lucha.

La Jueza número 07 del Juzgado de Letras Penal de la Sección Judicial de Tegucigalpa, en su resolución tomó como por sentada la declaración de una testigo presentada por la rectora Castellanos y desestimó las pruebas de la defensa que señalaban que no se había acreditado la participación del estudiante en mención en la comisión del delito de usurpación ni en la toma del edificio administrativo el 28 de julio.

También la Jueza tomó como ciertas las declaraciones de Roger Aguilar,  Jefe de Seguridad de la UNAH, quien señaló haberlo reconocido por su voz y que se descubrió la cara. Este mismo testigo fue presentado por la rectora universitaria contra los otros tres estudiantes y del Centro Universitario Regional del Litoral Pacífico, CURLP, como si esta persona fuera omnipresente y estuviera en todos los centros para acreditar la participación de los estudiantes.

La Jueza desestimó la declaración de Javier Ávila, por ser miembro del Movimiento Amplio Universitario, MAU, del cual es militante Josué Armando Velásquez,  y manifestó en su resolución que “ es obvio que su declaración va dirigida a favorecer a su compañero”.

Dicha jueza también desestimó una inspección del Comisionado Nacional de los Derechos Humanos, CONADEH, bajo el propio titular de la institución que llegó a verificar los hechos en esa fecha.

Sin embargo la juzgadora  sí tomó como cierto todo lo dicho por Roger Aguilar, quien es empleado de la rectora universitaria Julieta Castellanos, en la seguridad de la UNAH, lo que deja evidencia de que los estudiantes están estigmatizados y se enfrentan en desigualdad ante el arrollador sistema de justicia de Honduras que se colude con el autoritarismo imperante en la UNAH. Asimismo en su decisión trató de lavarse las manos argumentando que no se está violentando el derecho a la libertad de expresión a través de la protesta pacífica.

La abogada Kenia Oliva por parte de la Iniciativa Periodismo y Democracia y el abogado Mario Rojas, por el Comité por la Libertad de Expresión, C-Libre, son los apoderados legales de Velásquez que se presentaron a la audiencia aperturada por fin este martes 10 de noviembre. Al salir de la misma y ante la decisión con la que no estuvieron de acuerdo,  manifestaron que apelarán  porque se violentó el Debido Proceso y el Acceso con igualdad a la justicia.

http://www.pasosdeanimalgrande.com/index.php/en/amenazas-a-la-libertad-de-expresion/item/1086-jueza-dicta-auto-de-formal-procesamiento-contra-estudiante-de-la-unah-desestimando-testigo-por-ser-del-mau

, ,

Deja un comentario

CentAm Elites Afraid of Prosecution? Don’t Bet on It

After the United States indicted one of Honduras‘ most powerful families for money laundering, conventional wisdom suggests that other corrupt elites might fear they could be next. However, sources consulted by InSight Crime say this logic does not always prevail amongst the Central American clans believed to have ties with organized crime.

In October, the US shocked Honduras — and the region — when it unveiled the accusation against Jaime Rosenthal, his son Yani Rosenthal, his nephew Yankel Rosenthal, and family company lawyer Andres Acosta Garcia.

Yankel Rosenthal is in custody in a US jail; Yani is presumably in custody as well. The US may issue an arrest warrant for the other two at any moment, and they could be extradited, if they are captured.

In an unprecedented move, the US Treasury also sanctioned the Rosenthal’s bank, Continental — among other family companies — which the Honduras government liquidated just days later.

The charges are the first of their kind against such high-level elites in Central America. With dozens of companies ranging from agro-business to insurance, the Rosenthal family is one of Central America’s wealthiest. They are also major power brokers for Honduras‘ chief political opposition, the Liberal Party.

The vagueness of the indictment (pdf) and the broad jurisdiction of the US courts leaves many other businesses open to similar charges. The accusation says the following:

The defendants…in an offense involving and affecting interstate and foreign commerce, knowing that the property involved in certain financial transactions represented the proceeds of some form of unlawful activity, would and did conduct and attempt to conduct such financial transactions which in fact involved the proceeds specified unlawful activity.

In other words, the family had prior knowledge that the money they were moving into their businesses came from activities related to “narcotics” and corruption.

SEE ALSO:  Honduras News and Profiles

The obvious defense for the Rosenthals is to say they had no prior knowledge of this. And that is exactly what Jaime Rosenthal and his daughter Patricia said in June 2015, when InSight Crime asked them about what was then speculation. The Rosenthals also argued that they lacked the resources needed to adequately scrutinize their clients and cut off those linked to suspicious activities.

Still, the indictment could also be interpreted as a threat to other elites linked to organized crime networks in the region.

“I think the Rosenthal family situation is very delicate and will impact the future of Honduras economy in various respects,” Eduardo Facusse, the former president of Honduras‘ most powerful business association (known by its Spanish acronym COHEP), told InSight Crime in an e-mail exchange.


Several analysts and elites consulted by InSight Crime view the Rosenthal probe as more of a one-time event, rather than representing the beginning of a string of investigations against Central American power brokers linked to organized crime.


Michael Shifter, the president of Washington-based policy center the Inter-American Dialogue — an organization that works closely with elites across the region — agrees.

“It is a precedent that total impunity may be coming to an end,” Shifter said.

However, Shifter and others say that not all of Central America’s elites will react the same way. Shifter noted that some may argue that the US is being hypocritical, given the US position on cases of corruption and money laundering within its own borders — such as major banks being given a relatively light slap on the wrist for laundering drug cartel money.

“Whatever the truth is, there will be elite sectors that will see this as a double standard and that will be the way they will interpret it,” said Shifter. “The US can’t solve its own problem — they will see it in this light.”

US frustration over lack of progress against crime and corruption in Central America has been building. To cite just one example, the US is a staunch backer of the United Nations-backed International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (Comision Internacional Contra la Impunidad en Guatemala – CICIG). Alongside Guatemala‘s Attorney General’s Office, the CICIG helped force the resignation of the president and the vice president in a corruption case.

 

“I don’t think there will be any more cases like this soon. But the message is clear.”

Still, several analysts and elites consulted by InSight Crime view the Rosenthal probe as more of a one-time event, rather than representing the beginning of a string of investigations against Central American power brokers linked to organized crime.

Hugo Noe Pino, the Honduras representative of ICEFI, a think tank focused on fiscal issues in the region, says that other businesses are feeling “more secure” because they believe the US will not continue to upset the precarious economic balance in the region. The actions against the Rosenthal clan could leave thousands unemployed and cut as much as three percent of Honduras‘ gross domestic product, Noe Pino said.

“This could have a multiplier effect, part of which the US did not anticipate,” Noe Pino explained. “So I don’t think there will be any more cases like this soon. But the message is clear.”

Still, where some see chaos, others see opportunity. Dionisio Gutierrez, the head of Multi Inversiones — most famous for its Pollo Campero fast food chain — who has faced public recriminations himself from political enemies, said the region could benefit from international pressure.

“I see the awakening in Guatemala with the help of CICIG and the awakening in Honduras and El Salvador as long awaited great opportunities,” he told InSight Crime in an e-mail. “This region needs rule of law and painful consequences for all of those who have committed crimes, broken the law or abused the democratic system. But this has to be done without an ideological agenda and without all the prejudices that have made Central America a very convoluted and tortuous region.”

However, there are few precedents that suggest Central America’s elites will seek equal treatment of the type that Gutierrez is suggesting. To be sure, Noe Pino sees a slightly different scenario in which other elites will take advantage of the US and Honduras action against the Rosenthals for their own gain.

“This is a strong blow against the Rosenthals, and at least part of the economic elite may try to fan the flames of that fire,” he said.

In the meantime, the US case against the Rosenthals continues to accrue victims. While their assets were frozen, crocodiles on a leather-making farm owned by the family reportedly went hungry.

, ,

Deja un comentario